Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI) is a progressive medical condition that worsens over time and affects the veins and vessels in the leg that carry oxygen-poor blood back toward the heart. Varicose veins, which are enlarged veins in the leg that appear like twisted, bulging cords, can progress to CVI if left untreated.
There are a number of factors that contribute to varicose veins and CVI, including pregnancy and heredity. As varicose veins progress to become CVI, other painful symptoms like leg swelling, skin damage and ulcers may occur.
Who is at Risk for CVI?
CVI can affect anyone; gender and age are factors that may increase your risk. For example, women older than 50 are more likely than others to develop CVI. Other factors that may increase your risk include:
- Family history
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Prolonged Standing
- Obesity or excess weight
- Current or previous pregnancies