Definition: The goal of cosmetic surgery is to improve a person’s appearance and, thus, self-esteem by changing the way she or he looks. Cosmetic surgery can be performed on any part of the face and body. Before making an appointment to see a cosmetic surgeon, people should consider their motives for wanting to change how they look. Because cosmetic surgery can bring lasting and dramatic changes to the outside appearance, it is important to understand how these changes may affect people on the inside. Many physical characteristics can be successfully changed through cosmetic surgery; others cannot. Good candidates for cosmetic surgery:
- Have realistic expectations about what can be accomplished.
- Understand the medical risks, physical effects during healing, how the surgery will affect them personally and professionally, what lifestyle changes may accompany the recovery period, and the expenses involved.
- Have discussed their goals for surgery with their surgeon and resolved any questions.
- Have diabetes or other chronic medical conditions under control.
- Have no history of smoking or commit to abstain from smoking (including secondhand smoke) and nicotine products, including chewing tobacco and nicotine patches, gums or lozenges for six weeks before and after surgery.
Have had a stable weight for six months to one year.
From: Mayo Clinic
Breast Augmentation: Also known as augmentation mammoplasty is a surgical procedure to increase breast size. During breast augmentation, breast implants are placed under the breast tissue or chest muscles. For some women, breast augmentation is a way to enhance self-image and self-confidence. For others, breast augmentation is part of breast reconstruction after surgery for breast cancer or other conditions affecting the breast.
If you’re considering breast augmentation, consult a plastic surgeon. Make sure you understand what surgery involves, including possible risks, complications and follow-up care. A woman’s reasons for choosing breast augmentation are highly personal. Breast augmentation might help you:
- Enhance your breast appearance if you feel your breasts are too small or you’re concerned that one breast is smaller than the other
- Adjust for a reduction in the size of your breasts after pregnancy
Reconstruct your breast after having breast surgery for cancer or other conditions
- Improve your self-image or self-confidence
- Discuss your goals with your surgeon so that you can develop a realistic expectation of what breast augmentation can do for you.
Rhinoplasty (RIE-no-plas-tee): also referred to as nose surgery, is a surgery that changes the shape of the nose. The motivation for rhinoplasty may be to change the appearance of the nose, its function or both. When planning rhinoplasty, your surgeon considers your features, the skin on your nose and what you would like to change. The upper portion of the structure of the nose is bone, and the lower portion is cartilage. Rhinoplasty can modify bone, cartilage, skin or all three. Talk with your surgeon about whether rhinoplasty is appropriate for you and what it can achieve. Rhinoplasty can change the size, shape or proportions of your nose. It may be done to repair deformities from an injury, correct a birth defect or improve some breathing difficulties.
Abdominoplasty (Tummy Tuck): Also known as abdominoplasty is a cosmetic surgical procedure to improve the appearance of the abdomen. During a tummy tuck, excess skin and fat are removed from the abdomen. In most cases, the connective tissues in the abdomen are tightened with sutures as well. The remaining skin is then repositioned to create a more toned look. You might choose to have a tummy tuck if you have skin that’s accumulated around the area of your bellybutton and a weak lower abdominal wall. A tummy tuck can also boost your body image.
A flabby abdomen is caused not only by the accumulation of fat, but also by the poor elasticity of the skin, excess skin, and the stretching of the inner girdle of connective tissue (abdominal fascia) and abdominal muscles that extends from the ribs to the pubic bone. This inner girdle, which holds the internal organs in place, is responsible for the tone and appearance of the abdomen. Your abdomen is more likely to protrude after your abdominal fascia has been stretched during pregnancy or significant changes in your weight. A tummy tuck can remove loose, excess skin and fat, and tighten weak fascia. A tummy tuck can also remove stretch marks and excess skin in the lower abdomen below the bellybutton.
From: Marie Claire